Airbus achieves in-flight autonomous guidance and control of a drone from a tanker aircraft
A second campaign is expected towards the end of 2023
Airbus Defence and Space and the company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Airbus UpNext, have achieved in-flight autonomous guidance and control of a drone using an A-310 MRTT (Multi-Role Tanker Transport).
In a first step towards Autonomous Formation Flight and Autonomous Air-to-Air refuelling (A4R), the technologies demonstrate a significant breakthrough for future aerial operations involving manned and unmanned assets.
These cutting-edge, ‘Made in Europe’ solutions could reduce crew fatigue and the potential for human error, as well as minimising crew-training costs and providing more effective operations.
Known as Auto’Mate, the technologies were integrated on an A-310 MRTT flying testbed, which took off from Getafe, Spain, in the last days, and on several DT-25 target drones, acting as receiver aircraft and flying from Arenosillo Test Centre (CEDEA) at Huelva, Spain.
Over the waters of the Gulf of Cadiz, the control of the drone transitioned from a ground station to the A-310 MRTT, autonomously guiding the DT-25 to the in-flight refuelling position.
During almost six hours of flight test, the four successively launched receivers were sequentially controlled and commanded thanks to artificial intelligence and cooperative control algorithms, without human interaction. The different receivers were controlled and guided until a minimum distance of 150 feet (around 45 metres) from the A-310 MRTT.
Auto’Mate Demonstrator technology focuses on three pillars: Accurate Relative Navigation to precisely ascertain the relative position, speed and attitudes between the tanker and the receiver; Intra-Flight Communication between platforms to allow information exchange among the different assets, increasing the autonomy of the system of systems; Cooperative Control Algorithms to provide guidance, coordination, consensus and collision-avoidance functionalities to the tanker and the receiver/s.
These pioneering technologies, developed by a European team from Spain, Germany and France, will continue to increase the capability gap among competitors, as well as being re-used in key technological projects, such as the Future Combat Air System (FCAS).
A second campaign is expected towards the end of 2023, exploring the use of navigation sensors based on artificial intelligence and enhanced algorithms for autonomous formation flight. In addition, there will also be two simulated drones flying in the vicinity of the A-310 MRTT to demonstrate multi-receiver autonomous operations and collision-avoidance algorithms.
AVIONEWS - World Aeronautical Press Agency