Russia: a reusable carrier rocket under study
S7 Space will use the Soyuz-5 as a base
Also in Russia the S7 Space agency would be working to develop and produce a vector rocket that can be reused, on the false line of what is also done in the United States. The aim would be to make space exploration more sustainable both in terms of the environment (for the production of materials needed for construction) and economic, avoiding the need to restart the carrier rocket every time. Traditional non-reusable launchers have become uncompetitive, and this is why the Russian private company is working to change the Soyuz-5 allowing it to be used several times to put satellites in orbit to transport astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS).
In this way, even S7 Space could enter the commercial rocket market in a competitive manner, but the main consideration would be the mode of return of the carrier launched by the Odyssey sea launching platforms used by "Sea Launch" or by traditional cosmodromes. To do this the options are two: a parachute capable of withstanding the heat generated by the return, or special wings that would make the carrier glide to the ground.
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